What is cognitive distortion?
It simply means ways that our mind convinces us of something that is not true actually. These thoughts are usually used to make us feel that our negative thoughts are rational and accurate, but in reality, it makes us feel bad about ourselves.
15 common cognitive distortions are:
Making general interpretation s based on a single event. We generalize something happening here to it happening everywhere and now to all the time.
Blaming others when looking for a cause of any negative event, instead of looking at ourselves.
Having and holding tight to our personal rules on how people ought to behave.
4. POLARIZED THINKING
Always thinking black and white without the greys. Thinking absolutes such as always, never, every etc.
Focusing solely on the negative filtering the positive.
Assuming the worst case scenario. Thinking what can go wrong in a situation and not the opposite.
This is the extreme form of overgeneralizing. Instead of describing your mistakes, you attach negative label to yourself or someone else.
8. MAGICAL THINKING
We set a situation and keeping it as an excuse, we start believing that everything will be better when that situation will happen.
9. JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS
Making assumptions about others are thinking or interpreting the meaning of situations with little or no evidence.
10. OVER PERSONALISING
Making things personal, when they aren’t because we believe other people’s opinions are facts. We think what other people do/say is a reaction to you.
11. DOUBLE STANDARD
We have different set of standards for others and for ourselves. We do not judge keeping things on the same level.
12. FALLACY OF FAIRNESS
Being too concerned over wether things are fair and things should work out in the way which you think is fair.
13. EMOTIONAL REASONING
Believing that our emotions reflect the way things really are like, “If I feel it, it must be true”.
14. MAGNIFICATION OR MINIMIZATION
Exaggerating the importance of negative things in a situation or minimizing the importance of situations.
15. CONTROL FALLACIES
Thinking everything that happens to you is either all your fault or not at all your fault.
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